Bronchspasm: Diagnosis And Treatment Advice
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Bronchspasm: Diagnosis And Treatment Advice

Bronchospasms cause chest tightness, shortness of breath, wheezing and coughing. When the bands of muscles around your airways tighten uncontrollably, the bronchi of the lungs tighten. These contractions of the muscles in the lung walls, inflammation of the lung lining, or a combination result in a Bronchospasm.

This contraction and relaxation is controlled by either the autonomic nervous system or an allergic reaction. Bronchospasms are among the most common symptom of asthma. They are also related to anaphylactic shock or other allergic reactions; however respitary infections or any form of chronic lung disease may also be the culprit. Several environmental factors can come into play as well since exercise, emotional stress and irritants such as cigarette smoke, dust, aerosol sprays and strong odors are also thought to be causes.

Along with this contraction which narrows the diameter of the bronchus, the mucosa will also become swollen and inflamed, narrowing it further. During this time bronchial glands will often create excessive amounts of a very sticky and difficult to cough out mucus. This mucus often forms plugs in the bronchus further obstructing the flow of air so greater pressures are needed to push air through them in order to meet the body's requirement for oxygen. This is why breathing during a bronchospasm is often much more exhausting then normal breathing. The excessive amounts of sticky mucus caught in the bronchi are also extremely irritating which triggers a violent and often painful cough.

The diagnosis of Bronchiospasms consists of a relatively simple clinical exam in which symptoms of an asthma attack are generally explored and investigated. If further detection tools are needed, sometimes a chest x-ray will be performed to see if there is any change from the normal. Most likely you will be asked investigative questions to identify the allergen, source of infection or asthmatic triggers.

Treatment of Bronchospasms is also simple. Bronchospasms are in no way rare and unfortunately children with asthma can be among the highest percentage of inflicted patients. However, this is not mean they should be taken lightly since they can be frightening and cause immense amounts of anxiety since breath does not come easy or naturally as the body is used to. The minute you notice excessive wheezing, coughing, difficulty breathing or pain in you or your loved one's chest you should seek treatment.

Most likely you will be prescribed both an anti-inflammatory drug to treat the underlying inflammation and a beta-agonist to treat the symptoms. These anti-inflammatory drugs include inhaled corticosteroids or cromolyn sodium. The beta-agonist drugs will relax the muscles in the walls of your inflamed bronchial tubes, providing relief from symptoms; among these drugs Proventol and Ventolin are the most commonly prescribed.

It should also be noted that inquiring about the source of irritants, long-term prognosis and cause of the bronchial contractions is very important to prevent future Bronchospasms. Do not just treat Bronchospasms once. Be sure to find their source and do your best to find a healthy way to either eliminate or protect yourself from them in the future.

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Comments (1)

This is very good and well presented.