Tuberculosis, also called TB is an infectious disease caused by bacteria in your organs. Although Tuberculosis can spread to any organ in your body. It is most found in lungs. There are two types of TB. One is latent TB and the other is active TB.
Tuberculosis, also called TB is an infectious disease caused by bacteria in your organs. Although Tuberculosis can spread to any organ in your body. It is most found in lungs. There are two types of TB. One is latent TB and the other is active TB. Latent TB is when your body is infected with the bacteria and they are alive and multiplying but your body kills them off in about a few weeks. The bacteria will still lay dormant in your body.
Active TB is when you have the tuberculosis infection and it weakens your body. This can be extremely contagious to anyone around you. What causes TB? What are the symptoms of TB? Is there any way you can treat TB? Below are the brief answers to most of such questions or doubts one will have regarding the TB.
Causes: Tuberculosis is caused due to microscopic bacteria called a Mycobacterium. They can spread from person to person through little droplets of water. That means if someone with untreated active TB coughs, laughs, or speaks, others may catch Tuberculosis. Just because you are around a person with tuberculosis, it does not mean you will catch it. If you come across a person with untreated TB and if it transfers to your body one of following four things could happen.
You’re Not Infected With TB: It is possible that you are not infected with tuberculosis at all. Your body would just fight off the infection before it infects your body.
You Develop Latent TB: Latent TB is when the bacteria infect your body with in a few weeks or months your body fights it off. When this happens your body makes a scar and the bacteria are made dormant in your body. You would never be contagious to anyone if you had this type of TB.
You Develop Active TB: When your immune system fails to fight off the bacteria. The Tuberculosis begins to move towards your lungs and take the oxygen that your body needs to survive. Here they will breed. Then they will start to spread to your other organs as well.
Many people with active TB might die and those who do not can suffer from long term disease or sick conditions.
You became affected years later: People with latent TB can suddenly get active TB years after your body gets infected. They do not know why the bacteria suddenly start to multiply after years of being dormant. It happen the most when your body has been weakened because of things like alcohol use, drug use, aging, chemotherapy, or some prescription drugs.
Who is at Risk? There are many things that can put people at risk for having tuberculosis.
People with lowered immunity, someone who come in contact with TB, age, and also substance abuse. This would include alcohol or drugs, health care work, and traveling to another country.
Symptoms: There are many symptoms to tuberculosis. Some of these include: weight loss, fatigue, fever, night sweats, chills, loss of appetite, coughing, coughing up blood, chest pain or pain when you breathe.
Treatments: When the doctor first finds out that you have tuberculosis, you will be prescribed up to four medicines, and may be put in the hospital until you are no longer contagious. Most people with active TB are treated well to make them non-contagious. This may take a few weeks. Even after you are no longer contagious, you will still have to take medicines for up to nine months. Depending on how you progress though you may be taken off one or more of these medicines before then.
Prevention: The way you can prevent yourself from getting tuberculosis is to make sure that you keep yourself healthy. Make sure you give your body its basic essentials including food, sleep, exercise, which makes it ready to fight off any infections. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Sleep at least eight hours a day. Make sure you exercise for at least thirty minutes to an hour a day depending on your strength, resistance, stamina and your other personal factors or constraints.