Facts About Tuberculosis
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Facts About Tuberculosis

Learn the facts about Tuberculosis.

Tuberculosis is a bacterial disease that has the potential to be very infectious. This illness was discovered by a doctor from Germany named Robert Koch. The doctor won the Nobel Prize for this discovery. Though Tuberculosis can affect other organs the lungs are the most often affected by this condition. This condition is now more treatable that ever before. This disease used to cause victims to waste away. This is the reason that Tuberculosis used to be known as ”Consumption”.

How Someone Gets Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is typically contracted by breathing in infected particles of sputum from the air. This sputum gets into the air when an infected person coughs, sneezes, spits or shouts. Thus this illness to spread by close contact with infected people. There is an atypical type of Tuberculosis that is spread through milk that hasn't been pasteurized. Tuberculosis isn't passed by casual touches like handling clothes belonging to an infected person or by giving a hand shake.

Symptoms of TB

Tuberculosis usually starts in the upper part of the lungs. The infection may be stopped by the body's immune system. If the body cannot fight off the infection the virus will multiply and become active. From that point the Tuberculosis infection can then migrate to other parts of the body. Symptoms of active Tuberculosis infection may include the things listed below.

Tiredness

Weakness

Weight Loss

Fever

Night sweats

If the illness progresses other symptoms may possibly develop. These include:

Coughing

Chest pain

Coughing up sputum

Coughing up blood

Diagnosing Tuberculosis

There are many different methods that can be put into practice to diagnose Tuberculosis. Chest X-rays might be used to aid in diagnosing this illness. Examination of sputum under a microscope can also help determine the presence of Tuberculosis. Tuberculosis might also be discovered through the usage of a skin test.

Treating TB

Antibiotic are used even where only a small number of Tuberculosis germs are present and inactive and noncontagious. This to to prevent the infection from becoming active in the future. The medication used for this purpose is called Isoniazid. If a patient doesn't take this medicine they might have the Tuberculosis infection become active at some point. This treatment is not recommended for pregnant women. If the infection is active it will be treated with a combination of medications. Often of the first couple of months of treatment four drugs are prescribed to kill any potentially resistant strains. This number of drugs is usually reduced to two for the rest of the treatment. There is an treatment given by injection which is often used by patients that do not take oral medications as recommended.

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